The German Federal Parliament (Bunderstag) has authorized the modification of the grid connection for offshore test areas, thus allowing their developments. The first offshore test area should see the day in 2023.
This development is part of the amendment of Grid Expansion Acceleration Act (NABEG,Netzausbaubeschleunigungsgesetz). It will allow the development of offshore test areas. Thus, an offshore test area should be installed 10 km off the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Baltic Sea, a Land located in the North of the country.
This first site would be large enough to install a dozen offshore wind turbines with capacities of 13 to 15 MHW. A twenty meters water depth, its proximity to the coast, the port of Rostock and to major cities are some assets of the site.
However, a number of steps have to be undertaken before the establishment of this site, such as the creation of a legal framework for the grid connection, the choice of an operator and the types of innovations that could be tested.
Local companies and research centers will be involved in the project, with the support of the Federal Government, the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania area and the Offshore Wind Energy Foundation.
Following the amendment of the German Energy Industry Act (Energiewirtschaftsgesetz), these projects must be included in the grid development planning of the Federal Network Agency (Bundesnetzagentur).