Globally, the number of jobs in the offshore wind industry is expected to triple by 2030 (source Rystad Energy).

The number of full-time jobs would thus increase from 297,000 in 2020 to 868,000 in 2030, with the folowing destribution:.

  • the number of jobs related to the construction and development of wind farms will remain the majority and will represent 66% of positions, with in particular 54% of jobs directly related to the manufacture of turbines;
  • the proportion of positions related to operation and maintenance will increase in particular in proportion and will increase from 7% of total jobs in 2020 to 12% in 2025 and 20% in 2030, due to the increase of installed offshore wind farms;
  • Jobs related to the installation of offshore wind farms and project development will represent 10 and 4% of positions respectively.


These jobs will be opportunities for new trainees and also for people from Oil & Gas and specialized for example in the design of offshore structures, offshore construction, or the operations and maintenance of offshore structures.



Rystad Energy estimates that in Europe, we could go from 110,000 jobs in 2020 to 350,000 by 2030, just for the offshore wind sector.

At the end of 2020, the European Commission launched the “Pact for skills” in order to anticipate the need for skills in several industrial ecosystems, including that of renewable energies. Cooperation between renewable energy players on skills management should make it possible, on the one hand, to ensure the transferability of jobs from the more traditional energy sectors to the renewable energy sector, including offshore wind power, and, on the other hand, to train future young recruits.



In France, following the increase in installed capacity planned under the PPE 2023 – 2028, the number of jobs could reach 50,000 (FEE and Capgemini Invent, 2020). The first offshore wind farms are under construction. (source Renewable Energy and Jobs -Annual Review 2021).

For example, the Siemens Gamesa plant in Le Havre will supply five blade and nacelle projects and is already projecting a total of 750 direct or indirect jobs for 2023 (Frebou, 2021).