In 2015, the Norwegian company Statoil (now named EQUINOR) launched the first floating wind farm project in the world, Hywind, off Peterhead, in Scotland.
In October 2017, Hywind has started powering the Scottish grid, with the supply of the first necessary electrons.
Building on the successful experience of its demonstrator Hywind Demo launched in 2009, the Norwegian company Statoil started in 2015 the world’s largest floating offshore wind park project, Hywind, to be installed, in north-eastern Scotland and 25 km off Peterhead.
- Climatic conditions: strong and regular winds
- Depth of water: 95 to 129 m(which did not allow the installation of offshore wind turbines)
- Wind farm area: 4 km2
- Height: 258 meters(foundation included), 80 meters immersed. The turbine towers will be 83 meters high with a diameter from 4.2 to 7.5 metres at the top and with a weight of 620 tons each
- Weight of the submerged steel structure under the floats: 2000 tons
- Anchors: attached to the seabed by a system of three-points mooring spread and a suction anchoring system
- Foundations : SPAR-type foundations, 3,500 tons each, 91 meters long and 14,8 m in diameter
- Electrical architecture: wind turbines linked together by a network of cables, and also connected to the shore by an electric cable
- Storage: 1 MWh lithium battery
- Cumulative power: 30 MW(5 wind turbines of 6MW each)
- Expected output: 135 GWh per year, equivalent to theelectricity requirements of 20,000 British households
For this project, Statoil received approval from the Scottish Government in November 2015. The investment for this project was € 214 million, representing a 60-70% cost reduction per MW compared to the Statoil demonstration park in Norway, Hywind Demo, launched in 2009.
Siemens supplied the five SWT-6.0-154 direct drive offshore wind turbines. Nexans was responsible for the provision of static and dynamic cabling for a contract of approximately € 10.2 million. Nexans has also delegated to the Bardot Group the supply of buoyancy modules for electric cables. Navantia-Windar was in charge of the fabrication of the floating foundations. Finally, Navacel was awarded the contract for the construction of the five towers supporting the turbines.
In March 2016, Navantia built the first block of the first floating foundation. The assembly of the five foundations was finalized in January 2017 at its production plant in Fene, Spain.
The two first foundations arrived in May 2017 at the project’s assembly base in Stord, Norway.
In June 2017, the assembly of the five turbines started in Stord, waiting to be sent to Scotland after a series of tests.
In August 2017, the 5 wind turbines of the first floating wind farm Hywind have eventually been installed off Peterhead, in Scotland. The mooring system has been installed by NorSea Group (UK) Ltd., in collaboration with Montrose Port Authority.
In September 2017, all the cables were installed. After the final tests of the 5 wind turbines at Hywind park, it started supplying electricity to the scottish grid in October 2017, when it was initialy scheduled to go into service.
Moreover, the turbines are fitted with a number of sensors, which makes it possible to extract as much data as possible from the wind farm. We know that for the third consecutive year, this park has the highest electricity production capacity in the United Kingdom, with an average load factor of 54% the first two years and 57.1% the last twelve months, while the average offshore wind in this country is around 40%.
The data collected allows Equinor – formerly Statoil – to optimize power generation costs, with a 70% reduction in Capex per MW from Hywind Demo. The decline should continue for the Hywind Tampen, which will be built off Norway.
HYWIND TAMPEN’S FUTURE PARK
Located 140 km from the Norwegian coast, the Hywind Tampen wind farm will be, at the time of its commissioning, the largest floating offshore wind farm in the world, and also the first to supply energy to an offshore oil and gas field – Gullfaks and Snorre –. Two 12.9 km and 16 km static export cables will connect the wind turbines to the Snorre A and Gullfaks A platform
- 11 Siemens Gamesa SG 8.0-167 DD floating wind turbines
- Power: 8 MW for each wind turbine
- Planned annual production : 384 GWh
- Investment : 550 million USD
- Depth : between 260 and 300 meters
- Rotor : 167 meters in diameter
- Blades : 81.5 meters long
- Wind turbines connected by a system of dynamic cables 2.5 km long and 66 kV
Wind turbines equipped with a High Wind Rode Through (HWRT) system: if the wind speed is greater than 25 m/s, the turbines do not stop, but only reduce their power.
This new park will thus reduce CO2 emissions by 200,000 tonnes per year, and nitrogen oxides by 1,000 tonnes per year. The project is due to start at the end of 2022. Thereafter, Equinor hopes to carry out large-scale commercial projects of at least 1 GW.
Construction of the concrete foundations-April 2021
Aker Solutions has completed part of the concrete foundation construction in Norway. The 11 substructures can now be towed to Vindafjord where the remaining formwork and mechanical equipment will be completed. The construction started in the dry dock where the first 20 meters of the foundations were built. After being towed out to sea to Vindafjord, the concrete formwork will be completed to a height of 107 meters. The substructures will then be towed to Gulen for assembly in 2022.